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Preteen & Preteen Bra
This article is about the biological and psychological stage of development. For the demographic, see Tween (demographic).
Preadolescence is a stage of human development following early childhood and prior to adolescence. It generally ends with the beginning of puberty, but may also be defined as ending with the start of the teenage years. For example, dictionary definitions generally designate it as 10–13 years. It may also be defined as the period from 9–14 years. One can also distinguish middle childhood and preadolescence - middle childhood from approximately 5–8 years, as opposed to the time children are generally considered to reach preadolescence (age 9–14 years).
Preadolescence can bring its own challenges and anxieties, and, unlike most of the preceding phases, crucial elements of preadolescence are starkly different for boys and girls.
2 Psychological development
2.1 Home from home
4 Gender relations
5 Preteen and tween
6 See also
8 Further reading
The point at which a child becomes an adolescent is defined by the onset of puberty or by the beginning of the teenage stage. Adolescence is also viewed as ending with the teenage stage. However, in some individuals (particularly females), puberty begins in the preadolescence years, and adolescence may extend a few years beyond the teenage years in others (typically males). Studies indicate that 'the onset of puberty has been one year earlier with each generation since the 1950s.'
There is no exact agreement as to when preadolescence starts and ends, and research suggests that 'chronological time...is by no means identical with developmental time - the duration of the "inner" stages of growth' - or with physiological time.
Approximate outline of development periods in child development. Preadolescence and preteen marked at center left.
Main article: Developmental psychology
Of the 'two major socializing agents in children's lives: the family environment...and formal educational institutions,' it is 'the family in its function a primary socializer of the child' that predominates in the first five years of life: middle childhood by contrast is characterized by 'a child's readiness for school...being self-assured and interested; knowing what kind of behavior is expected...being able to wait, to follow directions, and getting along with other children.'
Preadolescent children in fact have a different view of the world from younger children in many significant ways. Typically, theirs is a more realistic view of life than the intense, fantasy-oriented world of earliest childhood. Preadolescents have more mature, sensible, realistic thoughts and actions: 'the most "sensible" stage of development...the child is a much less emotional being now.' They will often have developed a sense of ' intentionality. The wish and capacity to have an impact, and to act upon that with persistence'; and will have a more developed sense of looking into the future and seeing effects of their actions (as opposed to early childhood where children often do not worry about their future). This can include more realistic job expectations ("I want to be an engineer when I grow up", as opposed to "I want to be a wizard"). Middle children generally show more investment 'in control over external reality through the acquisition of knowledge and competence': where they do have worries, these may be more a fear of kidnappings, rapes, and scary media events, as opposed to fantasy things (e.g., witches, monsters, ghosts).
Preadolescents may well view human relationships differently (e.g. they may notice the flawed, human side of authority figures). Alongside that, they may begin to develop a sense of self-identity, and to have increased feelings of independence: 'may feel an individual, no longer "just one of the family."' A different view on morality can emerge; and the middle child will also show more cooperativeness. The ability to balance one's own needs with those of others in group activities'
Greater responsibility within the family can also appear, as middle children become responsible for younger siblings and relatives, as with babysitting; while preadolescents may start caring about what they look like and what they are wearing.
Middle children often begin to experience infatuation, limerence, puppy Love, or love itself, though arguably at least with 'girls carrying out all the romantic interest....preadolescent girls' romantic pursuits often seem to be more aggressive than affectionate.'
Preadolescents may still suffer tantrums at the age of 13, sometimes leading to rash decisions regarding risky actions. Such decisions may in rare cases result in grave situations such as accidental death.
Home from home
Where development has been optimal, preadolescents 'come to school for something to be added to their lives; they want to learn lessons...which can lead to their eventually working in a job like their parents.' When earlier developmental stages have gone astray, however, then, on the principle that 'if you miss a stage, you can always go through it later,' some middle children 'come to school for another purpose... to learn but to find a home from home...a stable emotional situation in which they can exercise their own emotional liability, a group of which they can gradually become a part.'
'Children at the threshold of adolescence...in the nine-to-twelve-year-old group' would seem to have particular vulnerabilities to parental separation. Among such problems were the very 'eagerness of these youngsters to be co-opted into the parental battling; their willingness to take sides...and the intense, compassionate, caretaking relations which led these youngsters to attempt to rescue a distressed parent often to their own detriment'.
Preadolescents may well be more exposed to popular culture than younger children and have interests based on internet trends, television shows and movies (no longer just cartoons), fashion, technology, and music. Preadolescents generally prefer certain brands, and are a heavily targeted market of many advertisers. Their tendency to buy brand-name items may be due to a desire to fit in, although the desire is not as strong as it is with teenagers.
Some scholars suggest that 'pre-adolescents...reported frequent encounters with sexual material in the media, valued the information received from it, and used it as a learning resource...and evaluated such content through what they perceived to be sexual morality.' However, other research has suggested that sexual media influences on preadolescent and adolescent sexual behavior is minimal.
Freud called this stage the latency period to indicate that sexual feelings and interest went underground...the feelings that create that first "eternal triangle" with the parents fade, and free energy for other interests and activities.' Erik H. Erikson confirmed that 'violent drives are normally dormant...a lull before the storm of puberty, when all the earlier drives re-emerge in a new combination, to be brought under the dominance of genitality.'
Latency period children can then direct more of their energy into asexual pursuits such as school, athletics, and same-sex friendships: middle childhood especially is marked by 'the importance of school, teams, classes, friends, gangs and organised activities...and the adults who run those.' Nevertheless recent research suggests that 'most children do not cease sexual development, interest and behavior' at this time: rather, they 'cease to share their interest with adults and are less frequently observed.' Because 'they've learned the rules...They fit in with the grown-up's belief that they're not interested. But the curiosity about it all continues, and there's quite a lot of experimenting going on between them.' alongside other pursuits
But while the eight-year-old still has 'years to wait until puberty, adolescence and finally sexual maturity...a sort of lull before puberty arrives,' with preadolescence proper (9-12), and the move forward from middle childhood, what have been called 'the introspective and social concerns of the prepubescent' tend to come more to the fore. Clearly 'few experiences are more prominent in the lives of preadolescents than the onset of puberty'; so that 'at eleven or twelve you're just reaching the end of a long period during which change was steady and incremental': Freud's latency years.
'A greater complexity in gender relation in preadolescence' clearly develops. Whereas 'three-year-olds say about half their friends are of the opposite sex...by age seven almost no boys or girls say they have a best friend of the opposite sex. These separate universes intersect little until teenagers start dating.'
Preteen and tween
A preteen or a preteenager is a person under the age of 12. Generally, the term is restricted to those close to reaching age 12, especially age 11. Tween is an American neologism and marketing term for preteen, which is a blend of between and teen.
The term was previously used in J. R. R. Tolkien's 1954 novel The Lord of the Rings to refer to Hobbits in their twenties: "...tweens as Hobbits called the irresponsible twenties between childhood and the coming of age at thirty-three." In this context, the word is really either a shortened version of between or a portmanteau of teen and twenty, and in either case has no connection to "teens," preteens or the American marketing niche.
In the 1938 film "Love Finds Andy Hardy", Judy Garland sings a song lamenting being an "inbetween", a term considering being too young to be a teen that can date but too old to be a child. The movie was part of the Andy Hardy series starring Mickey Rooney in the title role.
a b c New Oxford American Dictionary. 2nd Edition. 2005. Oxford University Press.
a b c "Puberty and adolescence". MedlinePlus. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
a b "The Theoretical Basis for the Life Model-Research And Resources On Human Development". Retrieved 2009-08-11.
a b "PSY 345 Lecture Notes - Ego Psychologists, Erik Erikson". Retrieved 2009-08-11.
Dictionary.com --> Definition of preadolescence (Based on the Random House Dictionary, 2009) Retrieved on July 5, 2009
a b William A. Corsaro, The Sociology of Childhood (2005) p. 191 and p. 124
a b Donald C. Freeman, Essays in Modern Stylistics (1981) p. 399
Giselle Liza Anatol, Reading Harry Potter (2003) p. 18
"Onset of Breast and Pubic Hair Development in 1231 Preadolescent Lithuanian Schoolgirls". adc.bmj.com. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
"Questions about Sex, Puberty, and Periods, for adolescents and their parents: 12. Puberty: Growing Up Early". rainbowpediatrics.net. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
G. Ryan et al, Juvenile Sexual Offending (2010) p. 42
A. Gesell et al., Youth (London 1956) p. 20
Dafna Lemish, Children and Television (Oxford 2007) p. 181
David Cooper, The Death of the Family (Penguin 1974) p. 26
Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (London 1996) p. 193
Mavis Klein, Okay Parenting (1991) p. 13 and p. 78
daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (London 1996) p. 194
Mavis Klein, Okay Parenting (1991) p. 13
E. Fenwick/T. Smith, Adolescence (London 1993) p. 29
Goleman, p. 194
Giselle Liza Anatol, Reading Harry Potter: Critical Essays (2003) p. 20
"Boy aged 13 killed himself over Wii ban". Daily Mail. June 27, 2008. Retrieved January 09, 2013. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
D. W. Winnicott, The Child, the Family, and the Outside World (Penguin 1973) p. 207
Skynner/Cleese, p. 24
Winnicott, p. 208
Ann Charlton, Caught in the Middle (London 2003) p. 90
Charlton, p. 90
Dafna Lemish, Children and Television (Oxford 2007) p. 116
Steinberg, L., & Monahan, K. 2010. Developmental Psychology.
Robin Skynner/John Cleese, Families and how to survive them (London 1994) p. 271 and p. 242
Erik H Erikson, Childhood and Society (Penguin 1973) p. 252
Lisa Miller, Understanding Your 8 year old (London 1993) p. 26
Ryan, Juvenile p. 41-2
Skynner/Cleese, Families p. 271
Miller, p. 23 and p. 75
Michell Landsberg, The World of Children's Books (London 1988) p. 270
Anatol, Potter p. 21
Francis Spufford, The Child that Books Built (London 2002) p. 163
Corsaro, p. 221
Goleman, p. 130
a b Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Eleventh Edition. 2003. Merriam-Webster.
a b The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Fourth Edition. 2000. Houghton Mifflin Company.
Levasseur, Maïthé (2007-02-09). Familiar with tweens? You should be.... The Tourism Intelligence Network. Retrieved on 2007-12-04.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Lord of the Rings; The Fellowship of the Ring Copyright 1965 by J.R.R Tolkien; Ballantine Books, A Division of Random House Inc. SBN 345-24032-4-150
Myers, James. "Tweens and cool" , Admap, March 2004.
G. Berry Brazelton, Heart Start: The Emotional Foundations of School Readiness 9Arlington 1992)
First Bra Advice
So what is a first bra?
First bra, starter bra, training bra… call it what you will, they are all terms used to describe a bra that has been specially made for girls whose breasts are in the early stages of development. First bras are non-wired bras or crop tops that are available in smaller sizes than regular women’s bras. Sizing typically starts from a 28AA (UK clothing size 6) and provide some comfort to a young girl whose developing breasts can sometimes feel sore as it stops the nipple from rubbing against clothing. Also a first bra will prevent protruding nipples at what can already be a sensitive time for young ladies.
Which type of first bra should I buy?
Because your first bra does not need to provide any real support, they tend to take on a few forms that can be different from the conventional style of women’s bra. Here is a quick guide to the various types available.
The triangle bra is similar to a bikini top in shape and will usually be unpadded. However like a bra, triangle bras will have adjustable straps and a hook and eye back fastening. Sizing is more commonly available in XS, S, M and L and should fit AA to B cups.
Crop tops are as they sound, a cropped version of a vest top. These are a great introduction to bras for girls who don’t want to say goodbye to their vests. Sizing is more commonly available in XS, S, M and L and should fit AA to B cups.
The first bra version of a T-shirt bra is non-wired (or wireless) and contains modesty padding. This is a thin layer of foam padding and is a popular option for those girls who worry about their nipples protruding through their school blouses. Sizing tends to be in the conventional band/cup sizes of women’s bras.
Sports bras give maximum support due to their high elastane content. They are made to be worn during active sports. Because they are non-wired and non-padded they are a suitable for use as a first bra. This is especially good for girls who are not quite ready to wear women’s underwear as they tend to look more like a cropped vest than bra.
Why should a first bra be non-wired?
While the breast tissue is developing the tissue (the lumps that can be felt in the breast) needs to be given the space to grow in whatever direction they choose. Wearing an underwire bra can cause the breast tissue to become mis-formed causing later problems with breast symmetry.
When should you start wearing a bra?
Between the ages of 10 and 13 is the most common period for noticable development to start. However breasts can start growing for girls as young as 6 years old and dooesn't actually stop until a woman is in her early 20's. Once the nipple begins to protrude from the chest ,a young girl can consider wearing a crop top style bra. When the fat tissue starts to come into the breast then switching to a triangle bra or T-Shirt bra is appropriate. When you do buy your first bra, don’t just buy one bra, but at least two, to allow time for washing and drying.
Getting the right bra size
Because so many adult women don't wear the correct size bra, it's no wonder a developing girl can be confused as well. If you don't feel confident in your abilities to determine the right bra size, why not visit our Fitting Room where you will find an easy-to-use bra size calculator. Below are a few handy tips to help you know if you are wearing the right bra size.
Try raising your arms straight into the air while trying on the bra. The band should stay securely in place in the middle of the back and not rise.
The band, straps and cups shouldn't cut into the body or fit tightly at all.
The section in between the breast cups should rest on your breast bone. If it does not then the bra is too small.
How to put on a bra
Different women find their own way of putting on a bra, here are the most common methods.
Place the straps over your shoulders
Lean forward and your breasts should fall into the bra cups
Stand up straight and hook the bra up
Put the bra on by placing it on back to front and doing up the hook at the front of your body
Twist the fastening around to the back of the bra
Lean forward and pull up the straps
Pull each of your breasts into the cup and stand up straight
Tags : preteen, teenage, preadolescence, adolescence, adolescent, preteenager,
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